The Freiburg School: Contributions to Political Economy

This dissertation is concerned with the role of the state in early ordoliberal thinking.

The members of the Freiburg School of the 1930s and 1940s emphasised the positive tasks of government in creating a functioning market economy. In doing so, they assigned an important role to the state as “guardian of the competitive order” (Eucken). Yet, the Freiburg School did not investigate the functioning of the political process. The dissertation at hand aims to clarify the role of the state in the thinking of the founders of the Freiburg School and answer questions with regard to the legitimacy of Eucken’s competitive order.