born on January 17th, 1891 in Jena, son of the philosopher and Nobel Prize laureate Rudolf Eucken, was Professor of Political Economy at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, from 1927 to 1950. In the midst of the National Socialist regime and in a period when totalitarian ideas dominated the thinking of most intellectuals, Eucken together with his colleagues, Professors of Law Franz Böhm and Hans Großmann-Doerth, developed the legal and economic principles of a free economic and social order in Germany. After World War II this economic and socio-political approach which has been developed by the Freiburg School – as it came to be called –, formed the basis of Professor Ludwig Erhard’s economic policy after 1948. The great success of this policy – often referred to as the „economic miracle“ – was one of the most important prerequisites for the social and political stabilization of the newly established order in West Germany. He died on 20. March 1950.
* 17. Januar 1891 in Jena
† 20. März 1950 in London
Vanberg, Viktor J.: The Freiburg School: Walter Eucken and Ordoliberalism
B. Külp and V. Vanberg (Hrsg.): Freiheit und wettbewerbliche Ordnung. Gedenkband zur Erinnerung an Walter Eucken, Haufe Verlagsgruppe Freiburg, Berlin, Munich 2000.